Wireless connectivity has come to portable scanners. I’ve been traveling with the recently introduced Fujitsu ScanSnap iX100, the company’s newest portable scanner. It’s a remarkable little package that lets me turn paper documents into digital documents wherever I am, and do it completely wirelessly. There’s no need for a USB connection or power cord. That means it can connect to smartphones and tablets wirelessly, as well as to a computer both wirelessly or with the USB connector supplied.

I’ve been evaluating the product by scanning receipts, business cards, marked-up documents, NDAs, invoices and bank statements into my computer, iPad and iPhone. I’ve used it at home and on the road in China.

With the scanner by my side, I have scanned in travel receipts minutes after receiving them, such as a hotel receipt while in a cab to the airport. I’ve lost or misplaced receipts in the past, but now they are permanently saved in the cloud or device. Once the documents are scanned, they can be saved in a variety of applications or emailed.

The iX100 is the step-up model to the S1100, a similarly sized unit introduced two years ago that is powered from a USB port on a computer. The iX100 adds a built-in rechargeable battery and built-in Wi-Fi that connects locally to your devices using its own local network and doesn’t require access to a home or public Wi-Fi network.

The Fujitsu ScanSnap iX100 wireless scanner is smaller and lighter than a portable umbrella. It weighs 14 ounces and fits next to a keyboard on a desk or in a briefcase on the road. Courtesy photo

The scanner is the same size as the S1100, smaller and lighter than a portable umbrella. It weighs 14 ounces and fits next to a keyboard on a desk or in a briefcase on the road.

Simply open the lid and fold down the front flap and it turns on. You feed in documents using a straight path or a 90-degree path, depending on the stiffness of the document or the availability of desk space. It handles a range of paper thicknesses including flimsy printed receipts, laminated documents, cardboard stock, business cards and even credit cards. Scanning is quick at 5.2 seconds for an 11-inch-long page. It can scan multiple small documents such as receipts at once or multipage documents a page at a time.

Documents larger than legal size, such as charts and diagrams, can be scanned and stitched together. Simply fold the documents in half, scan both sides, and the iX100 will automatically stitch it back together, producing a one-page digital image.

The iX100 is designed to scan documents in full color with 300 dpi resolution, but is not intended to scan photographs. The quality looks exactly what comes off a printer or color copier. The S1100 has 600 dpi resolution, but the perceived differences were not detectable.

In my long use of the S1100 and two-week use of the iX100, it’s apparent that internal software is one of Fujitsu’s strengths. The software can straighten skewed documents that are fed at an angle, and adjust for receipts that are barely readable and business cards on dark backgrounds. Rarely do I get a scan that is not useable.

The included computer software is similar to what Fujitsu provides with its other scanners. It’s robust and easy to use, yet provides broad versatility. After scanning, a window opens and offers a choice of scanning directly to a file folder, Word document, Salesforce, Evernote, a Google Doc, or an email, and can save it as a PDF, jpeg or other format. It works with Windows and Mac computers, as well as iOS, Android and Kindle Fire mobile devices.

The “ScanSnap Connect” app that’s used to scan directly into your tablet or smartphone, can be downloaded from the iTunes App Store and Google Play Store, as well as the Amazon App Store for Kindle Fire.

The scanner comes with other software I didn’t evaluate, such as ScanSnap Receipt, to intelligently and automatically extract data from receipts, and CardMinder, which automatically extracts the information from business cards into editable fields that can be exported to Outlook, Excel, Salesforce and other contact management software.

The Fujitsu ScanSnap iX100 is available for $229 through Fujitsu authorized resellers. Included is a three-month subscription to Evernote Premium. The S1100 continues to be available for $199.

Both of these products are the best portable scanners I’ve used. I’ve had the S1100 for two years, carrying it around the world without a case, and it’s been reliable and trouble-free. I expect the iX100 to be equally robust and much more convenient to use. The $30 premium for the iX100 is a small price to pay for all its new capabilities.

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When Apple upgraded its computer’s MacOS operating system to Mavericks nearly a year ago, Mail for Mac, which I’ll refer to as Mail, no longer worked well with Gmail.

It failed to retrieve email reliably. Often you’d need to wait for hours, and when the mail did arrive, it could take several minutes to fill in the body of the messages. Outgoing mail could take five or 10 minutes to send.

My solution was to bypass Mail and go online directly to gmail.com, not a very satisfying solution with Gmail’s limited features and archaic user interface. A few months ago, I moved to another computer, and when the problem followed, I began to look for a replacement for Mail.

Now, a bug such as this, while serious, is not all that unusual with a major upgrade, and the issues are often corrected in the next upgrade or two. But in update after update, in spite of Apple saying it has made fixes for Gmail, the problem has continued, and based on reading message boards, many others are still complaining. It’s now nearly a year later and Apple has not fixed the problem.

A senior customer service manager at Apple, referred by its PR department, told me that the engineers are aware of the issues with Gmail, and for now they suggest clicking on the button that takes your Mail offline for a few minutes and then clicking again to reconnect. Didn’t help.

Why should it take so long to fix? Does Apple or Google really want to solve this, or is there some secret plot by Apple to wean Apple users away from Google. Or is Google trying to take revenge on Apple? Or does Apple just not care? As I discovered, there are substitutes for Mail that don’t have the problem and work just fine.

Not by choice, but out of necessity, I’ve been looking for a Mail replacement. I’ve looked at most products and narrowed down my search to three to try: Airmail, Postbox and Unibox. Each does a good job replicating the functions of Mail, and each has its own special features and quirks.

Email programs have come a long way in making it easy to set up your mail accounts — no more manually entering information by hand. Each of these programs figured out all of the settings by just entering my email address and password for all three of my accounts.

Postbox looks the most like Mail and takes the least effort to learn. It uses the same window layout, color scheme and icon layout. Its typography design is excellent, and is easy to read even while displaying a long list of emails.

Airmail also has a similar layout to Mail, but has a jarring black window on the left serving as a background to the files lists. It can be hidden, but the color cannot be changed.

Unibox organizes email by contacts based on the date of the contact’s last email, an approach different from other products. That took some getting used to, because I normally respond to messages in chronological order or by thread, regardless of the sender.

Its sparse clean appearance is unique and attractive. Even message recipients and distribution names are hidden. But I found it too sparse and it required too many clicks to get to the information

There was a big difference in how effectively these programs retrieve, open and send email. I found new email to show up first in Airmail and PostBox. Unibox usually lagged behind, and I would see the spinning wheel on occasion after opening an email and waiting for the contents to arrive. On a few occasions I got an error that the message could not be synced.

But Apple Mail is worse. It’s usually last in downloading new email, sometimes by hours! Opening up the message and contents can take from a few seconds to more than 30 before being able to be read it. While this often occurs for many hours each day, it’s not consistent. Occasionally, for several hours over the course of a day, it will behave perfectly normal.

Over weeks of use, Airmail and Postbox have proven to be the most reliable and trouble free. Unibox occasionally forces me to wait while downloading the contents of some emails, and some units needed to be closed and opened a few times to work. A spokesman said the company is in the midst of an upgrade that should resolve many of these issues. Postbox and Unibox each enable you to switch from a mail view to an attachment view, a useful feature. And Postbox has a clever feature that reminds you to add an attachment should you try sending out an email that contains the word “attachment”.

While I focused on the products’ basic email functionality, each offers features that may cause you to prefer one over another. While Airmail does a good job at matching Mail feature for feature, Postbox seems like the next generation of Mail.

My favorite was Postbox, followed closely by Airmail. A Postbox representative told me that a new version would be released soon with more features.

Each product costs $10 and each offers a free trial. Postbox is also available for Windows.

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Apple’s announcements last week showed the strength of the company’s product design capabilities. No company can match its skills in industrial design, engineering and the integration of beautiful software and hardware. But Apple is also skilled in its ability to exaggerate. Without taking away from its accomplishments, Apple takes credit without embarrassment for features they haven’t originated.

For example, the introduction of new iPhones with larger displays comes four years after Samsung and others made that leap. For the past two years the most popular size display for other phones has been in the 5-inch range.  Just look at the offerings from Microsoft, Motorola, HTC, LG and Samsung. And Apple no longer leads the industry with the highest resolution displays. In fact, if you move from an iPhone 5S to an iPhone 6, the sharpness drops slightly.

Another example: Apple took credit for a “new” feature that enables the iPhone to dial over the Internet using WiFi when your cellular signal is poor. It announced that T-Mobile would be the first to adopt. However, Apple omitted to mention that T-Mobile has had this capability built into its phones for several years.

One of the most dramatic examples on display was the focus on the little cylindrical knob, called a crown, similar to what’s been on watches for eons. Apple calls it a digital crown and uses it to scroll, zoom and click. While the application is very clever and ingenious, the company’s video expounding it as revolutionary seemed over the top. But all of this is part of Apple’s bravado, originated by Steve Jobs, and plays to their loyal and outspoken fan base.

Now all of this is not to take away from Apple’s business acumen and often phenomenal products. One of its strategies is, in fact, not to be first in everything it does, but to wait while other companies try and fail. Then it comes up with a much better solution that’s fully thought through and well implemented, bringing along major partners to make the solution really useful. Apple takes the long view, focusing on what its customers will want and can easily use. Apple may be slow to adopt, but when it does, it’s well executed and something that resonates with the customer.

That’s what it did with Apple Pay, a way to make payments with your iPhone. Companies such as PayPal and Google have tried and failed or have yet to get off the ground. Apple may be the first to succeed because it brings along hundreds of millions of iPhone users, and the cooperation of banks and merchants.

It appears Apple has thought through security, ease of use and has the support from the major credit card companies. And its timing could not be better, with the theft of credit card information from Target, Home Depot and others.

Overall, I came away with a generally positive view of the new offerings, but intend to wait for more specifics. For example, the new iPhone 6 and 6+ offer sleeker IDs and larger displays. But Apple iPhones have had mediocre battery life, and no mention was made of whether that will be improved in spite of more power hungry displays. The reported use of scratchproof sapphire glass never materialized, possibly because it was not ready. Will that be next season’s upgrade?

Most interesting was the Apple Watch. This is not perceived as a limited purpose device like a Jawbone UP or Fitbit. It’s clearly Apple’s next platform, deserving of a new OS.  It’s the beginning.  It’s a multipurpose device that will start out performing some interesting functions, but it’s also a blank slate (or display) that can go in multiple directions, based on new software and services. It’s designed for the long run, not to be replaced with new models every year.

It displays Apple’s core capabilities such as hardware miniaturization, mechanical design and beautiful aesthetics. It’s likely the first smartwatch that both men and women would consider wearing.

Its timeless design, catering to both function and fashion, represents Apple’s entry into wearable computers. It addresses all that has been wrong with other wearable devices: size, attractiveness and functionality.

Just as few of us could envision the potential of the iPad when it was first announced — the same applies to the Apple Watch.

My take-away from the presentation is that Apple is more formidable than ever.  As Samsung comes closer to matching its capabilities in iPhones and tablets, Apple has raised the bar considerably.

The company is so good at what it does, you wonder why they have to exaggerate — but that’s Apple, and the fans love it.

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Get ready for the onslaught of smart watches punctuated by Apple’s announcement Tuesday. Smart watches and wristbands have been the hot new product category hyped by analysts, tech reporters and scores of companies that need something new to talk about and replace their maturing categories of tablets and smartphones. But based on what we’ve seen so far, I’m skeptical.

It’s been a category filled with expensive and flawed products, some even being recalled and cancelled, and a customer base that on average stops using the devices after seven months. Many companies have tried and few have succeeded.

I’ve tried several of them over the past two years and, for the most part, they are underwhelming. I’ve personally gone through the stages of awe, touting my Nike Fuel Band device; complacency, when I realized it was useful for just walking and reading the time in the dark; and finally annoyance, when I forgot to keep the device charged and it stopped working. All while my wife, Jane, kept asking why I continued to wear such an ugly rubber band, especially because it didn’t motivate me to exercise more.

She’s correct. The devices are mostly big, ugly, expensive and offer limited capabilities. They generally promise more than they deliver. And now many of their functions are available on free apps, such as Breeze.

The most useful features of the fitness bands and watches track your walking and compare your progress over time. And many tout the dubious ability to share your workout with friends on Facebook. Really? Some products, such as those from Basis and Withings, offer more health-related features, such as measuring your pulse and sleep state. While these devices are marvels of miniaturization, I found the accuracy among them lacking.

For example, distance walked and calories burned varied over a range of more than 2 to 1 among the Fitbit, Nike Fuel Band, Withings and Basis. When I tested them, none allowed you to enter your stride for accuracy, something a $15 pedometer does. Pulse measurements with the Basis and Withings were not repeatable and varied widely, and none of the devices handle bicycling, in spite of several claiming to. You’re much better off with the free apps MapMyWalk or MapMyRide.

The devices, for the most part are limited, first-generation products. It will take much more accurate sensors and better software to interpret the results and offer meaningful advice for them to become useful. While these devices can accumulate pages of data, they fail to tell you what the information all means.

The real promise of these devices is to be able to improve your health by monitoring many of your health signs and providing personal advice as to what you can do to improve, and to provide real-time information to your physician. That will take cooperation among health providers, doctors and the device manufacturer, something few companies other than Apple have the clout do.

And then there’s the question of privacy. Do we really want Google and Apple to know our health signs and risk sharing that information with others? With the recent news that photos from your phone are in the cloud and can be easily hacked, do you want your weight, exercise habits or medications to be made public by hackers?

But with all that said, I have high expectations for Apple to succeed. When Apple takes interest in a product category, the industry pays attention because the company has a history of redefining an entire category with innovations and outstanding industrial designs. While the company has its work cut out, it will be more likely to get it right.

The iPod was not the first digital player, but it redefined the category, and Apple was able to create important relationships with the record companies. And the iPhone was not the first cellular phone, but it revolutionized the mobile phone industry.

With the iWatch, as it’s been called, I expect Apple will make it part of a huge ecosystem that includes the hardware, software, apps, services and alliances with industries such as health, automotive, security, home automation as well as home appliances.

Few but Apple can get auto companies to make their locks talk to their watch, get medical providers to monitor your health signs, and persuade appliance companies to embed sensors that work with your iWatch.

Apple will find a way to make all of these disparate functions easy to access and use, as well as bring their expertise in industrial design to create a stunning timepiece. The company has the opportunity to create the next-generation watch that combines technology with an attractive piece of 21st-century jewelry.

And I expect they will add new functionality. Instead of tiny buttons, make it voice activated. Allow you to do verbal searches and get verbal answers. Use it to unlock your car, control your space by turning on lights as you walk through your house. Send you alerts that coach and remind you.

There’s a huge opportunity if it’s done right that will require a huge amount of work to miniaturize the technology, and to make it simple to use. The iWatch might just become the next big thing.

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Whatever I’m doing, I always seem to carry more technology gadgets than I need. Even though gadgets have become lighter, my bag has become heavier with many different products. Fortunately, there are some good solutions for dealing with this, as well as for those who want to travel with the smallest possible bag.

On a recent trip to San Francisco, I carried a 13-inch MacBook Pro, an iPad mini, chargers for each, an iPhone 5S, an HTC One M8, a Ricoh GR pocket camera, its charger and an extra battery, a music player, Sennheiser Momentum headphones, numerous cables, a paper notebook, a bunch of pens, keys, business cards, and some reading material.

The challenge is to find a bag that does a good job organizing all the stuff while allowing you to find things quickly. Sometimes too many pockets mean extra searching, while too few mean your items are all mixed together with tangles cords.

One solution can be found in the bags from Glaser Design, a San Francisco company run by Myron and Kari Glaser. Myron told me that a vertical briefcase is an inefficient way to carry technology stuff because everything simply drops to the bottom of the bag.

The company has developed a series of modules designed to precisely fit in Glaser’s bags and allow you to store your items and easily retrieve them. They include translucent zippered organizers for your chargers and small items, a presentation binder for paper, a padded panel with movable pockets for pens, phones and business cards, and a variety of removable pockets for a computer. One even transforms into an under arm portfolio.

Leather briefcase with modules from Glaser Designs

While their products are not inexpensive, they are a much better value than designer products that cost even more. Bags begin at about $1,000 and can reach $2000, but they are considered by their worldwide clients to be the best you can buy anywhere. Accessories cost $50 and up, and of course they can be used in any bag. Myron offers free Skype consultation calls in which he will work with you to design a bag for your specific needs. (http://glaserdesigns.wordpress.com).

Some of the most innovative designs these days are coming from Tumi, which has embraced the needs of technology users. Once known for just a few conservative products such as roller bags and men’s ballistic nylon briefcases with a few pockets, they now offer hundreds of products for men and women designed for carrying technology.

For example, Tumi has developed a line of business-oriented backpacks. One of their newest and best is the Kingsville deluxe brief pack, which is exceptionally lightweight and offers a huge amount of space for items of all shapes and sizes.

The ballistic nylon backpack with leather trim has compartments for up to a 15-inch notebook, an iPad, phones, a large pair of headphones and cameras of all sizes. It’s also designed to slide over the handle of a suitcase, much like a briefcase. With a narrower width than a briefcase, it rolls right down the aisle on top of a suitcase. The 17-inch by 12-inch by 7.25-inch model is much more practical than a briefcase for holding bulky items. (tumi.com) $455.

Looking for a minimalist bag? Waterfield Design in San Francisco just introduced a vertical bag that’s lightweight and fashionable. The VertiGo 2.0 Laptop Bag is more like a large men’s handbag that also can carry your tablet or notebook. It comes in black ballistic, brown waxed canvas, with black or chocolate leather. There’s a front pocket with magnet closure, a zippered inside and two open pockets inside, an open back pocket, and key fob. There are handles and a shoulder strap.

The bag comes in three sizes and costs from $129 to $159 in a choice of colors, and is custom made in 3 days from when you place your order. (www.sfbags.com).

For the minimalist who wants to carry just a notebook and iPad in the smallest size package, look at the Thule Stravan Deluxe Attache Case, available exclusively at Apple Stores. It’s a well-padded case with a plush lining that precisely fits a 13-inch MacBook Pro or Air and an iPad, with separate pockets for the chargers and a phone. It also has tuck-away handles and a shoulder strap. $80.

For a wheeled case, I like the Briggs and Riley U116SP Baseline Rolling Cabin Bag, which offers a huge amount of space to carry your office on the go. Its main compartment is not encumbered by partitions, so you can even carry a briefcase inside. It fits perfectly under an airplane seat and easily glides down airport corridors on four wheels. (www.briggs-riley.com) $349.

Another great choice for a minimalist bag is Levenger’s Bomber Jacket Tech Traveler Briefcase. It’s a compact case made of Levenger’s heavy duty pebbled mocha-colored leather with plaid lining that snuggly fits an iPad, even in a case. It has a soft neoprene interior and several interior pockets, and comes with a shoulder strap and handles. (www.levenger.com) $179.

Searching for the perfect briefcase is an addiction many of us have. Each of these companies offers lots of different bags that will keep that addiction alive.

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Both Apple and Samsung are poised to introduce new smartphones in early September. It’s a yearly ritual that highlights the intense competition between the two leading phone makers, each vying to outdo the other. Most expect Apple to release an iPhone design with a larger 4.7-inch display and Samsung to release a Galaxy 5 with a more substantial enclosure.

But while these two companies are fighting it out, they’re beginning to face serious competition from some fast-growing competitors in China. I got a preview when I was there in July and saw how many consumers were moving away from Samsung and Apple and buying new products from Chinese phone makers, specifically Xiaomi and Huawei.

These companies were offering phones unlike what I’d previously seen in China — not the poorly made crude knockoffs with buggy software, but solidly constructed devices that look and work much like Samsung models. All of these phones run Android, the free operating system from Google.

Surprisingly, they are less than half the price of comparable Samsung models. Where a Samsung Galaxy or Note costs about $650, these phones retail for $150 to $300, and come unlocked.

China’s Huawei is now the world’s third-largest phone manufacturer, behind Samsung and Apple. Xiaomi has captured 21 percent of the sales in China compared to Samsung’s 23 percent, Apple’s 16 percent and Huawei’s 8 percent, and is expected to be No. 1 in sales in China this year. Huawei, focused more on the international market, is forecast to sell more than 100 million phones worldwide this year, double from last year. Both of these companies offer a wide variety of models, with most under $300.

I’ve been testing one of Huawei’s latest models, the Ascend Mate 2. It looks much like the Samsung Note with its thin profile and large 6.1-inch display. It’s in the phablet category, measuring 6.34 by 3.33 by 0.37 inches and weighing 7.13 ounces. That compares to the latest Note 3 measuring 5.95 by 3.12 by 0.33 inches and weighing 5.93 ounces. The Note, it should be noted, also has a digitizer that allows writing with its included stylus.

But as a full-featured phone, the Huawei is a bargain. Its display is a high-quality LCD (720 by 1280 pixels, 241 ppi), and a 13mp camera with autofocus, face and smile detection, geo tagging for selfies and Skype.

It’s powered by a Qualcomm Snapdragon 400 quad core processor, has 16 GB memory expandable using up to a 64 GB micro SD card. One of its biggest features (literally) is a whopping 3,900 mAh non-removable battery that provides about two days of use. That compares with the Note’s 3,200 mAh cell and the iPhone with 1,450 mAh.

The Mate2 fully supports AT&T, T-Mobile and any GSM provider in the United States. This includes some of the no-contract MVNOs (mobile virtual network operator) such as Straight Talk, Cricket, and MetroPCS. I tried the phone on a Net 10 MVNO and the phone worked well.

The phone makes a few compromises. The display has about a third lower resolution than a top Samsung phone, yet in my use the display was plenty sharp for reading text and showed no pixilation.

Because Google provides the software, operationally there’s very little difference between this phone and other Android models. Each company offers its own user interface on top of the basic Android design. I preferred the Huawei UI over Samsung because its interface was simple and more iPhone-like, and it wasn’t loaded up with lots of crapware and hard-to-use utilities, something Samsung is notorious for doing. As a result, the Huawei is truer to Google’s reference design.

I found the phone’s size had both pluses and minuses. I liked the fact that the keyboard is larger and I made far fewer typing mistakes than on my HTC with a 5-inch display. It was also easier to browse and read websites such as The New York Times. On the other hand, the phone can barely be used with one hand. Huawei adds a clever utility that provides soft keys such as “back” and “home” to the edge of the display that make it easier to access with one hand.

As to support, Huawei says phones sold in the United States through the website will come with up to a two-year warranty, including U.S.-based customer support over the phone, and free return shipping. The phone is not sold through any carrier partners, only on GetHuawei.com and Amazon.com.

Clearly, this is one of the best phone bargains I’ve come across. Both Huawei and Xiomi have full lines of phones, most of which offer big savings over other Android makes.

What does this mean for the future? I would expect these companies to hurt Samsung most of all, who has led the Android phone market. Apple also needs to be wary. This is the start of full-featured, powerful smartphones at prices unimaginable just a few years ago.

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My wife and I just returned from a two-week vacation visiting Oslo, Bergen and the fjords in Norway, and several towns in Normandy and the Loire Valley in France. I was able to try out some products — not to make work more efficient, but to help make our vacation run smoothly. We carried a MacBook, iPad, and two phones, a Verizon iPhone and T-Mobile HTC One.

Getting connected was less important for email and work, and more important to get in touch with the surroundings to make good choices and better use of our time. WiFi connections at the many hotels we stayed in were free, but in several of them the service was too slow or erratic for browsing or making Skype calls.

While I tried T-Mobile’s new international plan in China a couple of months ago and found it to work well, this was my first time trying it in Europe. Like almost everywhere else in the world, T-Mobile offers free data and phone calls for just 20 cents a minute.

Not surprisingly, it turned out to be the most useful gadget we brought. Last time I was in Europe, I was reluctant to use my Verizon phone for data of any kind, fearful of all those exorbitant international roaming charges. I had to be extra careful: Turn it on, check out directions or a restaurant, and quickly put it back on airplane mode. Even then, I paid nearly $200 for a week of carefully monitored use.

With the T-Mobile service, there were no concerns, no worries and everything worked much as it does at home. We used data for getting directions, checking out restaurant reviews and researching the areas we visited. We gave out our phone number without a concern, knowing that a short call might cost $10 or $20 on other carriers. We made local calls, calls back home and even responded to some email messages. And we used Yelp to find local restaurants and visited the websites to check menus.

Our data connection varied from 2G to 4G, depending on location. It was mostly 3G and 4G in and near cities. 2G data, mostly in the countryside, was marginal and you wouldn’t want to browse, but it usually worked for directions and email. And with a feeling of satisfaction, we used the T-Mobile phone’s hotspot to connect my wife’s iPad and my Verizon iPhone to the Internet to check mail and make a Skype call.

In France, where we rented a car, our most important use was accessing the phone’s GPS. However, we found Google Maps to be disappointing and not nearly as good as it is in the United States. It occasionally got confused and led us astray, once when we were driving to a famous chateau in France and another time driving to Charles de Gaulle Airport.

On several walking excursions, it sent us to the wrong location and didn’t seem to know where we were. When searching for a destination, it often failed to return directions. No matter how we set it, the directions that it did give seemed to be the shortest route between two points, no matter that it was through a farmer’s cornfield!

Most noticeable was its abysmal pronunciation of French street names, even well-known names. For example, “Voltaire” was pronounced as Vault-er. I can understand the app doesn’t speak French, but to mispronounce so many words so badly made the speech nearly unrecognizable.

On the other hand, Waze, now owned by Google, worked much better. It instantly found routes, offered detours around traffic and identified accidents on the highway.

I also took along a new Garmin GPS to try out. Before I left home, Garmin had provided me a subscription to their European maps ($100). But loading the maps was a complicated process: I had to register the GPS unit by plugging it into the computer and it took several attempts to be recognized.

I then downloaded the maps onto a microSD card in the device; that took almost an hour over a fast home cable Internet connection. When I was all done, and it told me it was successful, I tried checking for the maps on the GPS, but the simplified user interface had no way to let me check its map contents, as best as I could tell.

When I arrived in Norway and again in France and turned on the GPS, it failed to show any local directions or destinations. Even if it had worked, with such complexity, I’m sad to say the Garmin is no longer competitive for either cost or ease of use.

One of the frustrations in visiting Europe is that U.S. banks still don’t offer chip and PIN credit cards. They’re standard in Europe and provide greater security because your information is read from a chip imbedded in the card — not the magnetic stripe — and it requires you to enter a PIN number. Shopkeepers bring you a handheld terminal so you always have your card in your possession.

Some credit card companies (American Express, Chase, and Citibank) offer a card with a chip, but you often have to request it, and it’s available only on premium accounts. While we were able to make purchases and pay for meals, we ran into trouble paying highways tolls and buying gas. The cards didn’t work for either, and we needed to use cash. This is just one area where we are behind in technology.

According to milecards.com, the only issuers of chip and PIN in the United States are State Department Federal Credit Union EMV Visa Platinum, Andrews Federal Credit Union, GlobeTrek Visa, PenFed’s Platinum Rewards, Promise & Gold Visa, the Barclaycard Arrival Plus World Elite MasterCard and the Hawaiian Airlines World Elite MasterCard.

I took along a few other products that proved useful: a portable power strip that turns one outlet into three, something very useful with most hotel rooms having a scarcity of outlets. I used the Travelocity 3 Port Travel Outlet for $15. It’s the smallest one I could find, but there are similar units from Belkin and Monster. You just use it with an outlet plug converter such as the OREI Grounded Universal 2 in 1 Schuko Plug Adapter from Amazon ($6.25), and you can charge three items at once.

I traveled with a $75 ScottEVest Pack Jacket. This lightweight jacket with a rain hood took very little space to pack, and was vital during the many rainy days. Its 16 pockets were perfect for protecting my camera and phones and even holding an umbrella and mini-iPad. (www.scottevest.com)

On the last night of our stay we found online that a flight to San Diego opened up where we could use our mileage for super saver awards, so we wouldn’t need to fly into LAX and rent a car to drive home. I immediately called United Airlines from the hotel room using Skype, knowing it would be a lengthy call. But Skype was not working well, so I redialed using the T-Mobile phone. Even a 20-minute call was only $4 and the connection was superb.

The bottom line is, if you travel internationally, it’s important to take the right gadgets. As it turned out, I used mostly the T-Mobile phone and notebook computer. I would have left the other devices home. Most important, taking along a T-Mobile phone will save you a fortune and make your trip easier and more enjoyable.

If you do consider T-Mobile, one caution is that it doesn’t have as big a data network as Verizon and AT&T across the United States, so check your local coverage. My experience over the four months of use is its coverage has been more than adequate for me throughout Southern and Northern California.

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I recently returned from a short trip to Shenzhen, the large Chinese city less than an hour’s drive north of Hong Kong. When anyone wonders why we don’t build consumer electronic products in the United States, the one-word answer is Shenzhen.

When I first traveled to this city more than 30 years ago, I’d walk out of the train station and see locals hawking live chickens and the sidewalks filled with homeless people. I’d get into a cab that was usually filthy, both inside and out, and pray for my life while the driver navigated gravel roads full of ruts while his head was sticking out his window because the windshield was covered with mud. At that time, the area was full of factories making cheap consumer goods. Now Shenzhen is a large modern city comparable to Shanghai or even Hong Kong.

But as I was reminded on this trip, Shenzhen has turned into the world capital of consumer electronics manufacturing. Shenzhen is to the making of these products as Silicon Valley is to designing them.

In fact, there’s a practical bond between the two areas, evident each day at breakfast at any one of the dozens of internationally branded hotels, such as the Sheraton, Shangi-La, Hyatt, Hilton, Four Seasons, St. Regis and Westin.

At breakfast you see tables full of young American engineers and project managers from Apple, Google, HP, GoPro, Amazon and dozens of smaller startups beginning their day of heading into the factories to solve problems to get their products into production. For many, it’s a constant shuttle between San Francisco and Hong Kong airports, as often as twice a month for some.

An employee monitors machinery that adheres components to smartphone circuit boards in a manufacturing facility at ZTE Corp.’s headquarters in Shenzhen, China. Brent Lewin/Bloomberg

After a few visits, it’s certainly not much fun to make the 15-hour flight, especially crunched up in an economy seat. But in spite of that, making the trip is the best way to take your product from an idea to manufacturing with the best chance for success — not just for large companies, but even for entrepreneurs with an idea.

Shenzhen companies thrive on building new products, and there are usually companies skilled in your area, so you can find an experienced team for not much cost, because they want to fill their factories.

Shenzhen looks much like any other large modern city, but with a population of 10.35 million, everything is in large scale. It has the largest library in the world and the largest city hall. Beneath the appearance of a buzzing metropolis full of skyscrapers and clogged highways, is a network of thousands of companies focused on supporting the world’s thirst for the next smartphone, HD TV or gizmo you didn’t know you needed until you read about it.

These companies are housed in factories scattered within a two-hour radius that vary from nondescript cement structures to sprawling office parks that look like ones you might see in Japan or Taiwan. Depending on what they produce, they can be as clean as an automated Japanese factory or something resembling a sweatshop from the 1930s.
Occasionally, but not often, there will be a factory producing low-cost components that barely skirt the laws of tolerable working conditions, but that’s the exception rather than the rule when it comes to technology products.

But what this network in Shenzhen — supported by huge factories in other cities such as Shanghai — does better than anywhere else in the world, is build huge volumes of the components that go into consumer electronic products: lithium-ion batteries, LCD displays, touch screens, motors, electrical components, switches, plastic moldings, printed circuit boards, semiconductors, packaging, antennas, speakers, microphones, leather, plastic and other assorted materials. And for each component, there are scores of companies in intense competition that keep the prices down and advance the technology.

There’s one human characteristic that’s also important, and it’s not labor costs, although that is a secondary factor. It’s the attitude of the people who work in this industry. They have a high work ethic and can-do attitude that gets things accomplished without any fear of failing or thinking something can’t be done — even when sometimes it can’t. Whether companies are thriving or struggling, they will rarely turn away new business, and most have an insatiable thirst to try new things so they can learn and grow.

Now, it’s not all rosy. Every company has strengths and weaknesses, A teams and C teams, smart and not so. Interest in taking on your product can wane if sales don’t meet expectation or if a bigger customer comes along. It’s often painful to get things done with junior people. But in the end, there’s no better alternative. As to copying your product, it’s not a big issue, and when it occurs, it’s usually by other companies that become aware of it once the product goes on sale.

I’m often asked why we can’t make these products in the United States. When it comes to a high-volume consumer electronic product that contains a variety of components, building it in the United States is just not practical or often even possible, while still maintaining the cost, quality and fast time to market. And even if it were, we don’t have the same attitude of taking quick action and being responsive.

When Motorola tried building its smartphone in a plant in Texas, the company needed to import the parts from China. There are virtually no companies in the United States that make batteries, displays, speakers, semiconductor chips and wire for mass-produced products. While there may be companies building some of these components in low volume for the military, few are competitively priced.

The United States does build printed circuit board assemblies (PCBAs), partly because it’s a highly automated process using assembly machines and components available worldwide. But you still need to take those PCBAs and combine them with the touch screens, the lithium-ion batteries and the tiny motors and speakers. To import these efficiently you must send them by boat; that takes a couple of weeks and ties up lots of dollars in inventory costs.

But more importantly, suppose that when the displays arrive, they have a defect. What do you do? If you were building the product in Shenzhen, you would call the company that’s an hour away and they will have engineers in your factory in a few hours to fix the problem. Try that from the United States and you would likely shut down your assembly line for several weeks.

Multiply this by the hundreds of parts and processes that go into your product that comes from China. Not only is it inefficient, but it’s also just not practical to build these kinds of products in the United States. And even if a company were to try, it could not compete with its competitors on many dimensions. A perhaps cruel, but accurate, analogy is trying to build an automobile in the Arctic from parts made in Detroit.

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Ever since I discovered T-Mobile’s ridiculously low-cost International service, I’ve been carrying a T-Mobile phone (HTC One M8) along with my Verizon iPhone 5s.

Not only has it allowed me to report on how the two carriers compare, but I’ve also been able to compare Android and the Apple iOS operating systems. So it’s been helpful for my reporting.

But I’ve discovered that there’s other value to doing this. With smartphones offering so much functionality beyond just talk, it allows me to multitask using some of the other functions. For example, while talking on the Verizon phone in the car, I use the navigation on the T-Mobile phone. Verizon’s CDMA technology doesn’t allow simultaneous use of data and voice.

I’ve had a few instances of getting an incoming call while using the iPhone’s navigation, when suddenly my directions stop. The two phones allow me to take the call rather than pulling over to talk, if I continue to need directions.

I’m also able to use one phone while accessing email and the Internet on the other. That comes in handy when on a call and needing to refer to an email, calendar or contact list at the same time. The HTC phone also provides an advantage when I need a larger display.

Carrying two phones works especially well for those who love their Blackberry yet want some of the features of an Android or iOS phone, such as better Web browsing or access to a much larger assortment of apps.

Some might also find it useful to give out two numbers, one for work and one for personal. That way you can filter your calls by which phone you use. In my case I use a single Google Voice number (available free from Google.com/voice) and set it up to ring both phones simultaneously.

That allows me to answer an incoming call on one phone while on the other. While I could use the hold function on one phone to answer the incoming call, too often I find the hold will drop the waiting call, particularly with the iPhone.

Having two carriers can also help when you have a weak signal. The other day my wife said my voice was breaking up while using the Verizon phone; when I switched to the T-Mobile phone it was much clearer.

Ever come across a situation where you get a voice message, and you never heard the phone ring? That occurs when the carrier’s towers are overloaded and is much less likely to happen with two carriers.

One of the disadvantages of two phones is keeping the calendars and contacts in sync and up to date on both. The HTC has a feature that lets you import contacts from your other phone using Bluetooth. That worked fine for me to move all my contacts from the iPhone to the HTC phone, but it doesn’t keep them synced.

I haven’t found a convenient method to sync Google and Apple calendar directly in a reliable manner. As a result, I don’t use the Google calendar on the HTC and instead use the iPhone’s iCal and Fantastical calendars. If I wanted to keep them synced on the two phones, I’d enter all my appointments on my Apple products as Google appointments. Or even better, I could use two iPhones; then my contacts, calendar and even apps are perfectly synced.

Another advantage of carrying two phones is I can go much longer between charges by using both phones. With my usage patterns I find the iPhone 5S’s battery to barely last a day, but now I can revert to using the HTC phone if needed. But typically I carry the iPhone with a Mophie battery case and don’t worry about it. Both the iPhone with the Mophie and the HTC phone now use the same micro USB cable for charging.

Now, you might assume that carrying two phones would cost twice as much, but that’s not been my case. With my overseas traveling of about five times a year, I no longer opt for Verizon’s international data plan of $25 for 100MB when traveling and no longer use the phone for calling when I leave the country.

I put the Verizon phone in airplane mode and turn on Wi-Fi to avoid all charges outside of the United States. That typically saves me about $80 per trip or $400 per year. I also reduced my data plan on Verizon for a $20 per month savings, because data is now shared between both phones. That adds up to a $620 yearly reduction off my Verizon bill.

My T-Mobile plan costs $60 per month plus $28 per month for the phone or about $1,050 per year, so net cost is $430 or about $35 per month. Now, if I already owned a T-Mobile phone, signing up to T-Mobile would be essentially free.

This is surely a step away from simplifying your life, but with smartphones becoming so essential to our daily lives, some will find two phones to be better than one.

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Over the course of a business day I spend lots of time using iCal, Apple’s default calendar program. I use it to plan, to keep track of my schedule, create alerts for appointments and import my travel schedule from TripIt.

I also try to use it for reminders and to-dos, although that’s one of its weakest features. Although it has been one of the most requested features, Apple has unfortunately all but abandoned adding new functionality to iCal, and has made few improvements over the last half-decade. The most recent was a visual makeover to more closely resemble its iPad version.

I was recently introduced to a new calendar program by Michael Simmons, co-founder of Flexibits. It’s called Fantastical and is available for the iPhone, iPad and Mac computers. It adds a wealth of new features that make it more flexible and provide better integration of your to-do activities into your calendar. Simmons explained that he created it as a result of iCal not having the features he needed to use.

There are three versions, for the Mac, iPad and iPhone.

• The Mac version is on sale at half off for just $10. It appears as an icon on your taskbar at the top of the screen. A click opens a small window that displays a monthly calendar at the top with a scrollable list below it that contains your reminders, to-do items and appointments. What is displayed can be easily customized.

As you scroll down the list, the calendar date being highlighted synchronizes with the events under your cursor. Likewise, as you move your cursor over the dates on the calendar, that day’s items appear in the list. You can click on any event and a box opens detailing the event, allowing you to make changes, much like iCal. The list contains appointments and to-do items that are easily distinguishable.

The Fantastical calendar program is available for the iPhone, iPad and Mac computers. Courtesy photo

But the best feature, common to all versions, is how easy it is to add items to your calendar. Simply type in natural-language phrases such as “meet with Bob Tuesday at 9” and it creates an appointment, even using some cute animation. Or type in a to-do and it will set an alert for a specific day.

Fantastical is localized in English, French, German, Italian and Spanish, and allows users to enter events in any of the languages, regardless of the language setting of the computer.

Fantastical is integrated with iCal so that after entering a new item, it immediately appears on iCal and vice versa. For example, when Tripit imports an event into iCal, it shows up on Fantastical. Apple could take a lesson from this company when it comes to creating a much richer product with a superb user interface.

• Fantastical 2 for the iPad 2, also on sale for $10, is even more impressive. The full-screen view resembles the iCal monthly page, but there are many additional features. Open a meeting appointment that you’ve been invited to and you see all the attendees, and can even email them from the window.

While the monthly view looks much like that on the iCal, when you drag the bottom of the calendar up you see a three-pane window. One graphically shows your busy time for the week, day by day; another displays a smaller monthly view; and a third lists all the events and activities.

Fantastical is designed for all iPads running iOS 7. Additional features include half-screen and full-screen week view, reminders, choice of white text on black or black text on white, background app refreshing, floating time zone support, and birthday reminders and greetings.

• The basic view for the iPhone, at the sale price of $5, is a monthly calendar below which is a list of upcoming events, much like the drop-down window on the Mac. You can shift between the month view and a five-day view with a search field.

The list by date can be set to show all days or just those with appointments. Other settings provide plenty of flexibility for what’s included in the list. You can rotate the phone in portrait mode to see a weekly view.

Entering appointments is much like the other devices, but you can also use the phone’s speaker to dictate a new event. That’s even easier than typing, and it works better than Siri.

The beauty of using each of these apps on your Mac, iPhone and iPad is that everything is synced. If you decide to try one of the apps, I’d recommend the iPad version as a start. But like me, you’ll likely find it such an improvement over iCal that you’ll buy it for all your devices. (https://flexibits.com/fantastical)

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